現在完了形と過去形

English grammar in useで見つけた過去形と現在完了形の対比

現在完了形は最近起きた出来事に使う

I've repaired the TV. It's working OK now.

Have you heard the news? Sally has won the lottery!

Did you know that somebody has invented a new type of washing machine?

過去形は昔の出来事に使う。

Mozart was a composer. He wrote more than 600 pieces of music.

My mother grew up in Scotland.

Who invented the telephone?

*イタリア語では遠過去で表現するとぴったりくる感じ。

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上記以外の過去形と現在完了形の対比

It hasn't rained this week.
It didn't rain last week.

Have you seen Anna this morning?(it is still morning)
Did you see Anna this morning?(it is afternoon or evening)

過去形は過ぎ去ったこと。そしてここでの現在完了はまだ継続していることなのですよね。
[PR]
by puntarellina | 2008-06-02 18:07 | 英語